【How】本文为夹叙夹议的记叙文。作者以叙述主人公驱赶蝙蝠的经历为开端，叙述时交代了When, Where, Why, Who, What, How六要素。在故事的高潮处（即第二段结束后：用枕头投掷蝙蝠后蝙蝠没有反应），由自身的感受（afraid，trapped）过渡至对文本主题的讨论，提出了男女面临的“性别角色困境”（男女是否可以自由选择自己的性别角色），阐释了主人公作为男性对该问题的认识：社会和家庭赋予男女很多不同的角色；虽然从情感上人们有时无法或不愿接受某些特定的角色，但还是应当勇于为家庭和社会承担自己的责任。之后是故事的结尾。作者采用第一人称视角，边叙边议，叙议结合，拉近了与读者之间的距离，将深刻的主旨融于生动的描写中，文情并茂，发人深思。
Stage 1: Pre-reading
What roles do males or females take on in society?
In what ways are males’ and females’ roles different?
学生能具体指出男女社会角色在哪些方面有何不同。如在工作方面，males: policeman, engineer...
females: teacher, nurse...
Stage 2: While-reading
What’s the author’s purpose in writing this passage?
学生能够归纳出文章的写作目的：To describe how he removed the bat and to discuss and show his feelings and opinions about role call.
Which (parts of) paragraphs are developed through narration/discussion?
学生能够指出记叙（Paras. 1-2、Para. 5后半部分，Para. 6）和议论（Paras. 3-4，Para. 5后半部分, Para. 7）对应的段落或段落中的内容。
What are the 5 Ws and the 1H in the narration?
In what ways did you find out the required information?
学生能说出具体的定位方法：例如用“flew away”（已知） 在文中定位找出答案“bat”(未知)。
1) What are the roles in which males are usually trapped?
2) Do males/females have the freedom to be what they want to be?
3) Why didn’t he tell his wife he wouldn’t remove the bat before he did it?
4) Why didn’t he tell his wife and his son what he did in detail finally?
学生能结合题目和文中对应的近义（反义）词（如slice-carve）以及指示代词和逻辑词（如this, however, as if）综合判断事实和隐含信息。
6. 引导学生总结理解主要观点和隐含信息的方法（synonymous concept, antonym, in-text logic）。
学生能够从具体的信息（如slice-carve; this, however, as if）抽象出概念和方法（synonymous concept, antonym, in-text logic）。
1) Can you identify the theme of Paras. 3-4 and Para. 5&7?
2) What was his attitude towards his gender role?
学生能够将3-4段的主题概括为“the current situation of gender role”；能够得出第5和7段是在描写主人公的心理活动；能够通过主人公的语言来归纳其对“性别角色困境”的态度：He decided to take on his role although it was difficult.
1) Can you summarize the narration and the discussion part respectively in one sentence and organize a theme for each?
2) What kind of man is the main character in this story?
3) What motivated the man to do what he didn’t want to do?
1)学生能够借助关键信息概括出文章大意，如可将narration部分概括为“He removed the bat though he was afraid and trapped.”，将discussion部分概括为“He took on his role even though it was difficult for him.”；进而将narration部分主题概括为“What he did”，将discussion部分主题概括为“What he thought”。
2)学生可归纳出主人公性格特点，如responsible, brave, masculine 等。
3)学生能够列举，如“To maintain his status and image as a father and husband”“To bear the responsibility for his family”等。
9.借助鱼骨图（见下方）进一步探究主题意义。请学生 List out some examples of the gender roles expected by society and by themselves. 并向学生提问：
Are there any conflicts?
If yes, how would you like to resolve them?
Stage 3: Post-reading
Some people share the main character’s point that certain roles and responsibilities should be based on gender although sometimes people may feel trapped. Otherwise, embarrassment could occur. (A case in point is being a male nurse.) However, others think that the gender roles can be interchanged successfully. A good example is Hua Mulan.
What is your opinion? Write about 200 words. You are expected to…
● choose either position;
● give an example and describe it in detail;
● show your discussion.
陈新忠. 英语课堂教学中的“教—学—评”一致性[J]. 英语学习（教师版）, 2017 (9): 31-33.
中华人民共和国教育部. 普通高中英语课程标准（2017年版）[S]. 北京: 人民教育出版社, 2018.
The world of taxi drivers is dominated by men. But there is one small taxi company in Delhi, where all the drivers and passengers are female. Women's safety is a hot topic in India at the moment, so it’s proving a very popular service.
“When I’m on the road driving our taxi I feel very proud, because this is the first taxi service only for women,” says 31-year-old Shanti Sharma, who is one of eight female drivers with a taxi service called Cabs for Women by Women.
The last couple of months, since the rape and murder in the city of a college student travelling on a bus, have been particularly busy for her and her colleagues. “After this case, our workload has increased so much,” says Sharma. Most women in Delhi say they routinely face harassment, and worse, especially on public transport.
Sharma has been working as a taxi driver since 2011, when the service was first set up, and it has changed her life. This is the first time that she has earned enough — about $250 a month — to support her family.
Of course, she and the other female taxi drivers are completely outnumbered by male cabbies. “When I park somewhere there are always men there and inevitably five or six of them get together and hang out,” she says. “I’m usually the only woman in the parking lot, so I just stay inside the car.”
It’s not much better when she is out on the road. Sharma says the male drivers give her a hard time. “As soon as they see a woman at the wheel they start honking for no reason. They’ll try to overtake you. I’m always worrying about how to avoid getting hit by someone.”
The company behind Cabs for Women by Women, Sakha Consulting Wings, had a number of goals when it set up the service. It wanted to give women from poor backgrounds an opportunity to earn money. By putting women in charge of technologies, it also wanted to change people’s attitudes, and open up boundaries for women.
1. Why are women who used other cab services turning to Cabs for Women by Women?
A. Because it is cheap.
B. Because it is safe.
C. Because it is famous.
D. Because it is convenient.
2. What do we know about Sharma?
A. She is the first female taxi driver in Delhi.
B. She lives in harmony with her husband.
C. She has regretted becoming a taxi driver.
D. She has a better salary after becoming a taxi driver.
3. Which one of these troubles might NOT be caused by male cabbies to female cabbies?
A. Intentionally hit the taxi driven by women
B. Honk the horn at the women drivers without any reason.
C. Speed up and drive past the women drivers.
D. Take the wheel of the female drivers.
4. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A. The main purposes of Cabs for Women by Women.
B. People’s attitudes towards Cabs for Women by Women.
C. The background information of Cabs for Women by Women.
D. The opportunities Cabs for Women by Women provides for women.
Exercise 1: Read a text about a childhood story and answer the questions below.
One day when I was 12, my mother gave me an order: I was to walk to the public library, and borrow at least one book for the summer. This was one more weapon for her to defeat my strange problem—inability to read.
In the library, I found my way into the “Children’s Room.” I sat down on the floor and pulled a few books off the shelf at random. The cover of a book caught my eye. It presented a picture of a beagle. I had recently had a beagle, the first and only animal companion I ever had as a child. He was my secret sharer, but one morning, he was gone, given away to someone who had the space and the money to care for him. I never forgot my beagle.
There on the book’s cover was a beagle which looked the same with my dog. I ran my fingers over the picture of the dog on the cover. My eyes ran across the title, Amos, the Beagle with a Plan. Unknowingly, I had read the title. Without opening the book, I borrowed it from the library for the summer.
Under the shade of a bush, I started to read about Amos. I read very, very slowly with difficulty. Though pages were turned slowly, I got the main idea of the story about a dog who, like mine, had been separated from his family and who finally found his way back home. That dog was my dog, and I was the little boy in the book. At the end of the story, my mind continued the final scene of reunion, on and on, until my own lost dog and I were, in my mind, running together.
My mother’s call returned me to the real world. I suddenly realized something: I had read a book, and I had loved reading that book. Everyone knew I could not read. But I had read it. Books could be incredibly wonderful and I was going to read them.
1. Why did the author’s mother tell him to borrow a book?
A. To encourage him to do more walking.
B. To let him spend a meaningful summer.
C. To help cure him of his reading problem.
D. To make him learn more about weapons.
2. Why did the author manage to read the book through?
A. The book told the story of his pet dog.
B. He shared the same feelings in the book.
C. The happy ending of the story attracted him.
D. He was forced by his mother to read the book.
Exercise 2: Read a text about a personal experience and answer the question below.
Some people will do just about anything to save money. And I am one of them. Take my family’s last vacation. It was my six-year-old son’s winter break from school, and we were heading home from Fort Lauderdale after a weeklong trip. The flight was overbooked, and Delta, the airline, offered us $400 per person in credits to give up our seats and leave the next day. I had meetings in New York, so I had to get back. But that didn’t mean my husband and my son couldn’t stay. I took my nine-month-old and took off for home.
The next day, my husband and son were offered more credits to take an even later flight. Yes, I encouraged—okay, ordered—them to wait it out at the airport, to “earn” more Delta Dollars. Our total take: $1,600. Not bad, huh?
Now some people may think I’m a bad mother and not such a great wife either. But as a big-time bargain hunter, I know the value of a dollar. And these days, a good deal is something few of us can afford to pass up.
I’ve made a living looking for the best deals and showing the worst tricks. I have been the consumer reporter of NBC’s Today show for over a decade. I have written a couple of books including one titled Tricks of the Trade: A Consumer Survival Guide. And I really do what I believe in.
I tell you this because there is no shame in getting your money’s worth. I’m also tight-fisted when it comes to shoes, clothes for my children, and expensive restaurants. But I wouldn’t hesitate to spend on a good haircut. It keeps its shape longer, and it’s the first thing people notice. And I will also spend on a classic piece of furniture. Quality lasts.
3. What does the author want to tell us?
A. How to expose bad tricks.
B. How to reserve airline seats.
C. How to spend money wisely.
D. How to make a business deal.
Exercise 3: Read a text about a story of the Ans and answer the question below.
When her five daughters were young, Helene An always told them that there was strength in unity. To show this, she held up one chopstick, representing one person. Then she easily broke it into two pieces. Next, she tied several chopsticks together, representing a family. She showed the girls it was hard to break the tied chopsticks. This lesson about family unity stayed with the daughters as they grew up.
Helene An and her family own a large restaurant business in California. However, when Helene and her husband Danny left their home in Vietnam in 1975, they didn’t have much money. They moved their family to San Francisco. There they joined Danny’s mother, Diana, who owned a small Italian sandwich shop. Soon afterwards, Helene and Diana changed the sandwich shop into a small Vietnamese restaurant. The five daughters helped in the restaurant when they were young. However, Helene did not want her daughters to always work in the family business because she thought it was too hard.
Eventually the girls all graduated from college and went away to work for themselves, but one by one, the daughters returned to work in the family business. They opened new restaurants in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Even though family members sometimes disagreed with each other, they worked together to make the business successful. Daughter Elisabeth explains, “Our mother taught us that to succeed we must have unity, and to have unity we must have peace. Without the strength of the family, there is no business.”
Their expanding business became a large corporation in 1996, with three generations of Ans working together. Now the Ans’ corporation makes more than $20 million each year. Although they began with a small restaurant, they had big dreams, and they worked together. Now they are a big success.
4. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. How to run a corporation.
B. Strength comes from peace.
C. How to achieve a big dream.
D. Family unity builds success.
Exercise 4: Read a text about a crowd-scene in a film-studio and answer the questions below.
About twenty of us had been fortunate enough to receive invitations to a film-studio to take part in a crowd-scene. Although our “act” would last only for a short time, we could see quite a number of interesting things.
We all stood at the far end of the studio as workmen prepared the scene, setting up trees at the edge of a winding path. Very soon, bright lights were turned on and the big movie-camera was wheeled into position. The director shouted something to the camera operator and then went to speak to the two famous actors nearby. Since it was hot in the studio, it came as a surprise to us to see one of the actors put on a heavy overcoat and start walking along the path. A big fan began blowing tiny white feathers down on him, and soon the trees were covered in “snow”. Two more fans were turned on, and a “strong wind” blew through the trees. The picture looked so real that it made us feel cold.
The next scene was a complete contrast. The way it was filmed was quite unusual. Pictures taken on an island in the Pacific were shown on a glass screen. An actor and actress stood in front of the scene so that they looked as if they were at the water’s edge on an island. By a simple trick like this, palm trees, sandy beaches, and blue, clear skies had been brought into the studio!
Since it was our turn next, we were left wondering what scene would be prepared for us. For a full three minutes in our lives we would be experiencing the excitement of being film “stars”!
5. What made the author feel cold?
A. The heavy snowfall.
B. The low temperature.
C. The film being shown.
D. The man-made scene.
6. What would happen in the “three minutes” mentioned in the last paragraph?
A. A new scene would be filmed.
B. More stars would act in the film.
C. The author would leave the studio.
D. The next scene would be prepared.
Exercise 5: Read a text about a teacher’s reading idea and answer the questions below.
From the very beginning of school we make books and reading a constant source of possible failure and public humiliation. When children are little we make them read aloud, before the teacher and other children, so that we can be sure they “know” all the words they are reading. This means that when they don’t know a word, they are going to make a mistake, right in front of everyone. After having taught fifth-grade classes for four years, I decided to try at all costs to rid them of their fear and dislike of books, and to get them to read oftener and more adventurously.
One day soon after school had started, I said to them, “Now I’m going to say something about reading that you have probably never heard a teacher say before. I would like you to read a lot of books this year, but I want you to read them only for pleasure. I am not going to ask you questions to find out whether you understand the books or not. If you understand enough of a book to enjoy it and want to go on reading it, that’s enough for me. Also I’m not going to ask you what words mean.”
The children sat stunned and silent. Was this a teacher talking? One girl, who had just come to us from a school where she had had a very hard time, looked at me steadily for a long time after I had finished. Then, still looking at me, she said slowly and seriously, “Mr Holt, do you really mean that?” I said just as seriously, “I mean every word of it.”
7. In this passage the teacher told his students to read _______.
A. for enjoyment
B. for knowledge
C. for a larger vocabulary
D. for higher scores in exams
8. Upon hearing the teacher’s talk, the children probably felt that ________.
A. it sounded stupid
B. it was not surprising at all
C. it sounded too good to be true
D. it was no different from other teachers’ talk
(Keys: 1-5 CBCDD 6-8 AAC)
My Understanding of Role Call
Nowadays, our world is developing rapidly, and our culture is becoming diverse. It seems that nothing is impossible for us and some interchanges of gender roles are not exceptions. In my opinion, I truly believe that gender roles can be interchanged successfully.
Here is my personal experience. About two weeks ago, my mother's car broke down for some unknown reasons. So we had to send it to a garage. There we met a lovely girl who looked like a student and she asked what she could do for us warmly. My mother put the situation in a nutshell. At that time, both I and my mother hold the view that she was a waitress or the boss's daughter, but later it proved to be totally wrong. In fact, the girl was an experienced technician.
Before I met this girl, I hold the opinion that a technician was a job where male is dominant just like most people. I was quite curious about this female technician, so I had a conversation with her while she was fixing my car. Through the conversation, I found out that she was the only female technician in this garage, however, she was the chief engineer there. "At first, I was left out among other male workers. I guess it was because of people's deeply rooted stereotypes. I didn't care at all. I kept learning and practicing in order to improve my skills and finally they eliminated their stereotypes completely." she said with a smile.
I was so moved by her previous experience in such a male-dominated area. Why must a technician be a man? By virtue of several automatic facilities, women can finish most manual tasks as well as men, even better with their patience and carefulness. It is same when men are engaged in an area which is dominated by women. In this way, it is absolutely right to say the gender roles can be interchanged successfully.
My Understanding of Role Call
Over the history, men and women have had different social identities and great gender discrimination have existed for a long time. Nowadays, the problem is still so serious that many people are trapped in it. As far as I'm concerned, people shouldn't be restricted to the stereotype any longer. People can interchange their gender roles relying on their own personalities and abilities.
I have witnessed a living example by my side. Miss Alice, a lady in my neighborhood, suffered the tough condition of gender role call two years ago. She was 27 at that time and encountered several obstacles in her career. She was still single and her mother, Mrs. Wang, was worried about that. The old generation always holds the opinion that young ladies will live a happier life if they have a marriage with a wealthy man rather than they have a good job. It was the same with Mrs. Wang, who obstinately forced her daughter to give up her job and urged her daughter to marry a man who had a stable work and considerable income, in order to make Miss Alice live an effortless life, neglecting whether she was willing or not. The mother and the daughter argued a lot on the divergence of their opinion. But finally, Miss Alice made a great breakthrough in her career which was a strong proof to her mother that she could live a wonderful life on her own.
What I want to express is that the stereotype of gender roles should be removed, for it is restraining people from doing what they want to do. What matters is only people's abilities and will. On the other hand, breaking the limit brought by stereotypes needs courage. Just follow your heart and ignore what others talk about you.
My Understanding of Role Call
When I was a child without basic knowledge about the world, I was told what I should do and mustn't do as a boy. So I learned to be more determined and modest. Much tolerant and patient as I was, more people gave their praise to me like: What a thoughtful and intelligent boy! Actually, I was very happy when I heard those beautiful words, and I didn't have any negative feelings to be such a perfect boy in daily life.
Until I discover my weakness---insects.
Frankly speaking, I'm just afraid of these insects which appear in front of me abruptly. How did I find out that? It was a hot summer afternoon at school, when the class were deeply enjoying maths problems.
At that time, I was sitting beside the windows with my left arm leaning on the windowsill holding my head.
Suddenly, a 'huge' and black stuff fly in the classroom from the window genuinely like a flash. My mind was exploded. Medusa seemed to turn me into a stone. I came to life when that flying thing disappeared forever. I thought I was strictly scared but on the sight of my classmates, they said I was so calm that I even didn't move!
I just stayed there and kept silent with a fake smile. I couldn't speak out the truth due to my heavy gender burden! From then on, I noticed more and more phenomenon about people tied up by their gender roles with both men and women. Though I haven't experienced the education for girls, I can imagine what girls was told to be like in the future. From our childhood we have been limited in a circle according to genders. I think we need to break up this circle and enjoy the freedom to be a true 'I', but not a person whose life has been defined since his birth.